Susan L. Smith

Professor of Law, Director of the Certificate Program in Sustainability

Professor Susan Smith served as senior editor of the Harvard Environmental Law Review.

Professor Smith brings a wealth of practical experience to teaching because she has spent more than 20 years litigating environmental and natural resources issues. She first served as an associate with Holland and Hart as an environmental and natural resources litigator. She then became a senior trial attorney and Assistant of the Environmental Defense Section, Environment and Natural Resources Division, U.S. Department of Justice, where she received several awards for distinguished service. Finally, since joining the Willamette faculty in 1989, Professor Smith has served as pro bono counsel for various environmental and community groups. Currently, she directs the school's Certificate Program in Sustainability.

Professor Smith has taught Environmental Law and Policy, Sustainable Natural Resources Law, Environmental Criminal Enforcement, Toxic Substances Regulation, Water Law, Criminal Law, Constitutional Law, State and Local Government, Administrative Law and various dispute resolution courses. Professor Smith focuses her scholarly research on the role of law in achieving sustainability and environmental criminal enforcement. Her book, Crimes Against the Environment (co-authored with Susan Mandiberg), is the authoritative treatise in the field (1997; 2d edition 2004).

Professor Smith’s deep interest and expertise in domestic implementation of sustainable development through law led to her appointment to the IUCN Commission on Environmental Law (2000), her appointment as a Distinguished Visiting Scholar at the University of Sydney (1997), her appointment as a Fulbright Scholar visiting almost a dozen Australian law schools (1992), and her participation in international environmental law conferences sponsored by the Netherlands, the United Nations Environmental Programme, the United States Council on Sustainable Development, the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute and the International Centre for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy. Closer to home, Professor Smith served as Chair and Commissioner of the Oregon Dispute Resolution Commission (1993-1999) and has been active in numerous other professional and community groups. In 2007, she was elected to the Executive Committee of the AALS Section on Natural Resources and to the Executive Committee of the OSB Environmental and Natural Resources Committee.

SSRN Author Page


  • JD, Harvard University
  • MPP, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University
  • BA, Reed College

Publications: Books and Book Chapters

  • A Brief History of Efforts to Articulate Global Water Ethics and Developing an Ecumenical Framework for Water Justice in Global Water Ethics (Routledge 2017).
  • Crimes Against the Environment (with S. Mandiberg) (Michie 1997) (with 1998-2003 Supplements) (2d ed, Mandiberg, Smith, and Powell, publication expected 2005).
  • The Clean Air Act, Volume II of Gerrard, Environmental Law Practice Guide (with S. Saulls and E. Lannet) (Matthew Bender 2000).
  • Federal Facilities: Achieving Environmental Excellence in Gerrard, Environmental Law Practice Guide (Matthew Bender 1998).
  • Remediation and Redevelopment of Contaminated Federal Facilities in Gerrard, Brownfields Law and Practice (Matthew-Bender 1998).
  • Changing Corporate Environmental Behavior: Criminal Prosecution as a Tool of Environmental Policy, in Eckersley, Markets, Bureaucracy, and the Environment: New Directions in Governance (MacMillan Press 1995).
  • The Role of Criminal Prosecutions with Respect to Contaminated Sites in the United States, in Contaminated Sites in Australia: Challenges for Law and Public Policy 166-168 (Allen & Unwin 1993).

Articles, Essays and Other Publications

(*Refereed; most U.S. legal articles are not refereed)

  • "Creating Accountability or Wreaking Havoc?: An Analysis of the Proposed Constitutional Amendment for Legislative Review of Administrative Rules," Willamette University Center for Public Policy Research, Research Report (October 2000) (available online).
  • "Collaborative Approaches to Pacific Northwest Fisheries Management: The Salmon Experience," 6 Willamette J. Intl Law & Dispute Resolution 29-68 (1998).
  • *"Developments in United States Criminal Law," 21 Criminal Law 341 (1997) [peer reviewed Australian journal].
  • "Saving Swamps and Salmon: Strategies to Protect Biodiversity from Compensation Threats," ALI/ABA National Wetlands Conference on Property Rights and Wetlands Regulation (1996).
  • "Ecologically Sustainable Development: Integrating Economics," Ecology, and Law, 31 Willamette Law Review 251-305 (1995).
  • *“Doing Time for Environmental Crimes: The United States Approach to Criminal Enforcement of Environmental Laws,” 12 Environment and Planning Law Journal 168-182 (1995) [peer reviewed Australian journal].
  • *“Developments in United States Criminal Law,” 19 Criminal Law Journal 90-94 (1995).
  • *”An Iron Fist in the Velvet Glove: Redefining the Role of Criminal Prosecution in Creating an Effective Environmental Enforcement System,” 19 Criminal Law Journal 10 (1995).
  • “Local, State & Federal Roles in Preserving Biodiversity: A Wetlands Case Study,” Legislating for Biodiversity 65-73 (EDO & ACEL 1993).
  • “Shields for the King’s Men: Official Immunity and Other Obstacles to Effective Prosecution of Federal Officers for Environmental Crimes,” 16 Columbia Journal of Environmental Law 1-72 (1991).
  • “Can the King Do No Wrong?: Governmental Immunity Issues in Actions Against the United States and Its Officers,” 6 Natural Resources and Environment 16-60 (1991).
  • “State and Federal Regulation of Disposal of Produced Water,” 5 Eastern Mineral Law Institute 12-1 to 12-58 (1984).