Trevor Byrd

United States Supreme Court (2 summaries)

CNH Industrial N.V., et al. v. Jack Reese, et al.

A contract is not ambiguous unless it is subject to more than one reasonable interpretation, and the Yard-Man inferences cannot generate a reasonable interpretation because they are not “ordinary principles of contract law.”

Area(s) of Law:
  • Contract Law

Kernan v. Cuero

There is no precedent that mandates specific performance for a criminal defendant who, after the State filed an amended complaint that required a higher mandatory minimum sentence than the initial complaint, pleads guilty to the amended complaint and is sentenced to serve a longer mandatory minimum.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Habeas Corpus

United States Supreme Court Certiorari Granted (7 summaries)

Chavez-Meza v. United States

Whether a district court must explain its decision when deciding not to grant a proportional sentence reduction under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) when the reasons are not otherwise apparent from the record, or is it sufficient that the reduction is issued on a pre-printed form order containing boilerplate language as set forth in U.S.S.G. § 1B1.10 and the sentencing factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a).

Area(s) of Law:
  • Sentencing

Lagos v. United States

Whether 18 U.S.C. § 3663A(b)(4) covers costs that were “neither required nor requested” by the government, including costs incurred for the victim’s own purposes and unprompted by any official government action.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Remedies

China Agritech, Inc. v. Michael Resh, Et Al.

Whether the rule from American Pipe and Construction Co. v. Utah, 414 U.S. 538 (1974) tolls statutes of limitations to permit a previously absent class member to bring a subsequent class action outside the applicable limitations period.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Procedure

Lozman v. City of Riviera Beach, Florida

Whether the existence of probable cause defeats a First Amendment retaliatory-arrest claim as a matter of law.

Area(s) of Law:
  • First Amendment

Dahda v. United States

Whether Title III of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, 18 U.S.C. §§ 2510–2520, requires suppression of evidence obtained pursuant to a wiretap order that is facially insufficient because the order exceeds the judge’s territorial jurisdiction.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

Janus v. American Federation

Whether mandatory public-sector agency fees are compelled speech, in violation of the First Amendment.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Labor Law

McCoy v. Louisiana

Whether defense counsel's decision to concede guilt in a capital case, over the defendant’s express objection, violates the defendant's Sixth Amendment rights and Fourteenth Amendment right to Due Process.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure