Steven Mastanduno

Oregon Supreme Court (23 summaries)

Willamette Estates II, LLC v. Dept. of Revenue

Under OAR 150-306.115, an assessor may petition DOR to correct a discrepancy in the tax rolls. Further, while taxpayer was allowed to challenge the value of component parts of property separately, that does not limit DOR’s authority to correct errors in the tax rolls.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Tax Law

Powerex Corp. v. Dept. of Revenue

Under ORS 314.665, both natural gas and electricity are considered tangible personal property for income tax purposes as they can be perceived with the senses and may be physically located within the state.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Tax Law

State v. Williams

Evidence is relevant when it is logically related to an issue in a case; if it makes more probable the underlying allegations of misconduct, it is relevant.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Evidence

Schoenheit v. Rosenblum

Under ORS 250.035, a certified ballot title must sufficiently notify voters and petition signers of the title’s potential impact.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Ballot Titles

State v. Sagdal

Article I, sec. 11 of the Oregon Constitution does not mandate a jury of ten persons; rather, it provides for nonunanimous verdicts by ten of twelve jurors.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

Epler v. Epler

When a change in custody would not be in the best interests of the child, there is no harm in holding a parent to the change-in-circumstances rule.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Family Law

Glasgow v. Dept. of Revenue

Under ORS 305.410(1), the Oregon Tax Court has exclusive jurisdiction over cases arising under Oregon tax laws; to argue the contrary is a frivolous claim, as is maintaining that wages are not “income.”

Area(s) of Law:
  • Tax Law

Miller v. City of Portland

Whether the duties of fire fighters' new job assignments were the "required duties" for the job classifications that the fire fighters' previously held is a question of material fact.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Municipal Law

City of Damascus v. Brown

HB 4029 constitutes an unconstitutional delegation of power because it delegates the power to determine the city's boundary out of the hands of the legislature and city, and into the hands of “self-interested private landowners” without procedural safeguards.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Municipal Law

Comcast, Corp. v. Dept. of Revenue

Under ORS 308.515(1)(h), cable television and internet access are “data transmission services,” and property so used belongs to “communication” business subject to central assessment.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Tax Law

Village at Main St. Phase II, LLC v. Dept. of Revenue

Under ORS 305.287, the word “appeal” applies to any appeal to a property tax reviewing body, not solely the Magistrate Division. New issues of valuation may be raised on appeal.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Tax Law

Sea River Properties, LLC v. Parks

Accreted land attaches to the property on which it begins to accrete. Adverse possession requires actual use of land – payment of property taxes is a manifestation of actual use, but is not itself actual use.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Property Law

In re Spencer

A lawyer, acting as a real estate broker and lawyer for his client, violates RCP 1.8(a) if he does not advise his client to seek outside legal advice about the problems of dual representation, and does not obtain written consent.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Professional Responsibility

State v. Washington

Under ORS 138.012, all death sentences come before the Supreme Court on automatic and direct appeal. In this case, all of defendant's assignments of error were rejected.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Sentencing

McCann v. Rosenblum

Use of the term "tax" when describing money collected by the government was appropriate in a ballot measure, but referring to a "wholesale sales tax" was not because it could be confused with a retail sales tax.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Ballot Titles

Bates v. Rosenblum

Under ORS 250.085, the Supreme Court may either refer an errant ballot title to the Attorney General for modification, or correct it, certifying the resulting ballot title to the Secretary of State.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Ballot Titles

Kohring v. Ballard

Under ORS 14.080(2), wherever a corporation or partnership conducts “regular, sustained business activity” is where its normal and ordinary business activities are sustained, which requires evaluation of the quantitative nature of the corporation or partnership’s activity and the frequency of that activity.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Procedure

Sunset Presbyterian Church v. Brockamp & Jaeger, Inc.

In a construction contract specifying the issuance of a Certificate of Substantial Completion as a deadline for the accrual of claims, summary judgment is not appropriate if the date of completion is contested; while evidence of being used for its intended purpose is evidence of completion, that does not eliminate the need for a Certificate of Substantial Completion.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Contract Law

Westfall v. State

Under ORS 30.265(6)(c), government employees responsible for applying policies enacted by high-level officials are protected by discretionary immunity when following the explicit orders of their superiors.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Sovereign Immunity

Montez v. Czerniak

In post-conviction proceedings, petitioner bears the burden of proving inadequate assistance of counsel. Counsel’s trial strategy must be unreasonable, without appropriate consideration for risks and benefits, for petitioner to prevail.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Post-Conviction Relief

Peace River Seed Co-Op v. Proseeds Marketing

An aggrieved seller who has resold goods can recover the difference between contract price and market price under ORS 72.7080(1), even when market price damages would exceed resale damages under ORS 72.7060.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Contract Law

McCann/Harmon v. Rosenblum

Under ORS 250.035, a ballot title must include a caption, results statements, and summery which adequately describe the effects of voting one way or another, and reasonably identify the subject matter. Where more specific language is available, it should be used to describe the ballot title in a simple and understandable way that adequately describes the effects a ballot title would have on current law.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Ballot Titles

State v. Stark

For the purposes of ORS 166.207(3)(a), the felon-in-possession statute, a defendant whose previous felony conviction has been reduced to a misdemeanor is excluded, but only if that reduction was in effect before a defendant was charged as a felon in possession.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

Oregon Court of Appeals (90 summaries)

Gustafson v. Board of Accountancy

Under ORS 183.650, the Board of Accountancy has the authority to modify an ALJ’s proposed order if those modifications are adequately explained.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Administrative Law

State v. Quigley

In order to prevail on an argument that evidence would have been inevitably discovered, the State must show that the officer would have sought defendant’s consent to search and that she would have consented, even without an unlawful extension of the stop.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

Ooten v. Clackamas Cnty.

Under OAR 660-004-0018(2)(c), the word “and” is used conjunctively, meaning that all requirements of the rule would need to be satisfied to establish whether proposed amendment and zone changes would require a new exception to Statewide Planning Goals 3 & 4.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Land Use

State v. Boyd

Reinitiation of interrogation by a defendant after claiming his right to an attorney constitutes voluntarily and knowingly waiving his Miranda rights.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

State v. Rice

Under Article I, section 9, of the Oregon Constitution, the state has the burden of showing that the time required to acquire a warrant would have sacrificed evidence, thereby creating an exigent circumstance.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

Dept. of Human Services v. D.H.

Evidence is insufficient to support a grant of jurisdiction to the juvenile court when there is no evidence that a child has been harmed, or was at risk of harm.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Evidence

Fick v. Oregon Dept. of Fish and Wildlife

An agency is not required to act in a manner directly inconsistent with the purpose of its rules in furtherance of lessening the economic impact of the rules on small businesses, and does not violate ORS 183.540 by declining to do so.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Administrative Law

State v. Mays

In order to find a prosecutor engaged in prosecutorial misconduct, the requisite scienter must be shown; specifically, the facts must show the prosecutor intended to cause a mistrial or reversal, or was indifferent to the possibility.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

State v. Pusztai

Unauthorized use of a vehicle is not a prosecution for theft so a jury instruction regarding the “honest claim of right” defense is not warranted.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

West v. Multnomah Cnty.

Under the template test, a dwelling must continue to exist, as a dwelling, at the time the test is applied; to be considered a dwelling, the structure must have the functional necessities that make use as a dwelling possible.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Land Use

State v. Chandler

Arguments not preserved in the trial court, and not accompanied by a request for plain-error review, will not be considered for the first time on appeal.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Appellate Procedure

State v. Hernandez

Evidence as to whether a witness has a personal interest in a case is relevant, and failure to admit such evidence may not be harmless error if the jury is not fully informed of the facts necessary to assess the credibility of that witness.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Evidence

Lenn v. Baldwin

Jury instructions which are correct statements of law and not likely to create an erroneous impression in the minds of jurors are not grounds to remand.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Appellate Procedure

Zielinski v. State of Oregon

There is a rebuttable presumption that the elements of the doctrine of laches have been sufficiently proven, and therefore apply, when an analogous statute of limitations for an action at law has been exceeded.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Procedure

Deardorff v. Farnsworth

Estoppel cannot be used to negate an express exclusion in an insurance policy, unless it is through interpretation of an ambiguous provision.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Insurance Law

Lake Oswego Preservation Society v. City of Lake Oswego

Under ORS 197.772(3), a successor in interest to property imposed with a historic designation may remove that designation, even if the particular owner was not the owner at the time of the designation. LUBA has jurisdiction to hear appeals regarding removal of historic designations.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Land Use

State v. Young

Even if the officer-safety exception justifies initial seizure, once passengers are seated on the curb and backup has arrived, there’s no plausible reason why safety concerns would require reentry to the vehicle or removal of property.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

State v. Heilman

Under Article I, sec. 9, of the Oregon Constitution, facts as perceived by an officer that do not constitute a violation of the law do not give rise to probable cause.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

State v. Sundberg

Under OEC 401, an explanation as to why an alleged victim may have described her anatomy inconsistently is relevant explain her testimony.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Evidence

Baker v. Premo

Trial counsel agreeing to change the terms of a plea agreement in such a way that increases the total sentence is not enough to prove constitutionally inadequate assistance of counsel if the sentencing court would have imposed the same sentence.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Post-Conviction Relief

Dept. of Human Services v. A.L.

Under ORS 419B.100(1)(c), parents entrusting the primary care of their children with paternal grandparents who do not pose a current threat is not a basis for asserting jurisdiction over children.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Juvenile Law

State v. Rudnick

It is a plain error to expose a defendant to six months of additional supervision; if such an error can be easily remedied, the Court may exercise its discretion to correct it.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Sentencing

Thompson v. Belleque

Claims of constitutionally deficient representation must be supported by specific facts in the record not only showing representation was deficient, but also that it tended to affect the outcome of the trial.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Post-Conviction Relief

Waterwatch of Oregon, Inc. v. Water Resources Dept.

Under ORS 537.230(2)(c), the Water Resources Department must find that undeveloped portions of permits are subject to conditions that preserve from decline the continued existence, or endurance, of listed fish species in the affected waterway.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Environmental Law

Williams v. Gaylord

Under ORS 31.735(1), attorneys may recover a 40% statutory share of damages, regardless of whether there is additional recovery.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Attorney Fees

Hall v. Speer

Application for benefits, coupled with a doctor’s report and correspondence with an insurer, are not sufficient “proof of loss” to require the payment of attorney fees.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Attorney Fees

Simonsen v. Premo

Advice to plead guilty in a capital case without first securing a guarantee that the State will not seek the death penalty is not categorically inadequate assistance of counsel.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Post-Conviction Relief

Colombia Riverkeeper v. Clatsop County

The County Board denying an application, after LUBA issued a final action approving an application based on the board’s prior approval, cannot be “for the purposes of avoiding the requirements of ORS 215.427.” As that was not the case, ORS 197.835(10)(a)(B) did not require LUBA to reinstate the board's original decision.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Land Use

Entrepreneurs Foundation v. Employment Dept.

An “ALJ may have an obligation to assist a litigant in following up on potentially favorable lines of factual inquiry, [but] that duty does not remove a party's obligation to raise issues for preservation purposes.”

Area(s) of Law:
  • Administrative Law

State v. Lomchanthala

A defendant is not entitled to a jury instruction defining a “voluntary act” unless some evidence has been presented that would show his acts were involuntary.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

Assn. of Oregon Corrections Employees v. State of Oregon

Waiver of right to bargain does not occur unless a written notice of proposed changes is issued and there is no demand to bargain.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Employment Law

State v. Klein

Conviction for first-degree criminal trespass requires a showing by the State that Defendant was not licensed or privileged to enter the dwelling.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

Dept. of Human Services v. S.W.

Father's failure to participate with DHS in its efforts to reunify him with his daughter did not undermine the reasonableness of those efforts.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Juvenile Law

State v. Behee

Under ORS 166.270(2), objects described as “ninja climbing claws” are not “metal knuckles” because their intended purpose is tree climbing, not punching.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

Walker v. Providence Health System Oregon

Under ORS 656.262(11)(a), unreasonable delay in accepting a claim for a "major depression and panic disorder" was grounds for imposition of penalties and attorney fees.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Workers Compensation

Isayeva v. Employment Dept.

In evaluating whether an instance of workplace misconduct was an “isolated instance of poor judgment,” the proper standard is not whether an employer “could” conclude that the continued relationship impossible, but whether an employer would have so concluded.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Administrative Law

Leung v. Employment Dept.

Under OAR 471-040-0010(2), the phrase "gaining knowledge that the person needed or was entitled to such [language] assistance" "refers to the department's knowledge or awareness, obtained by any means, that the person needed or was entitled to oral or written language assistance."

Area(s) of Law:
  • Administrative Law

E.T. v. Belete

Assaultive acts and statements within a church was legally sufficient to prove objective alarm, warranting entry of a stalking protective order.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Stalking Protective Order

Espinoza v. Evergreen Helicopters, Inc.

The inconvenient forum doctrine is available in Oregon and should be applied by weighing private and public interest factors. In order to dismiss, a defendant must show the factors are strongly in favor of dismissal.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Procedure

State v. Washington

Removal of a victim to a different location as part of a rape is considered the separate offense of kidnapping if the intent behind the move was to limit the victim's freedom and isolate the victim.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

Flores-Salazar v. Franke

Failure to request a jury instruction for a lesser offense does not necessarily entail inadequate assistance of counsel, particularly when accompanied by a strong defense and as part of a tactical decision.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Post-Conviction Relief

ODOT v. Alderwoods (Oregon), Inc.

Evidence of diminution in value was properly excluded in determining the compensation award for loss of access due to highway construction.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Property Law

State v. Scott

Evidence that a complainant assaulted a defendant ten years prior is relevant to a determination of self-defense by a factfinder.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Evidence

Federal National Mortgage Assn. v. Bellamy

Prima facie evidence, in the form of a trustee’s deed, is sufficient to show forcible entry and wrongful detainer (FED) if the evidence is unchallenged and confirmed though the adverse party’s admission.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Property Law

State v. Patnesky

Under ORS 162.247, the passive resistance exception to the crime of interfering with a peace officer only applies to actions “commonly associated with governmental protest or civil disobedience.”

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees, Council 75, Local 2043 v. City of Lebanon

Under ORS 243.672(1), certain actions by an employer or employer's agent are considered unfair labor practices. A city councilor was found not to be a city's agent.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Municipal Law

Burcham v. Franke

An attorney's failure to challenge a lack of "consent" to consume alcohol being defined, by opposing counsel, as evident from the victim being 16 years old was inadequate assistance of counsel.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Post-Conviction Relief

State v. Etzel

For the purposes of second-degree burglary, that a door is unlocked is not dispositive of the building not being a public space.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

State v. Osorno

An inadvertent revelation that Defendant invoked her right to remain silent was grounds to grant motions for mistrial and a new trial.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

State v. Pass

Because the elements of second-degree sexual assault and third-degree sodomy were congruent in this case as charged, the trial court committed a plain error by failing to merge these counts.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

State v. V.B.

Under ORS 426.100(1), an allegedly mentally ill person must be advised of her statutory rights by the trial court. Failure to do so constitutes a plain error.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Commitment

V.L.M. v. Miley

A stalking protective order must be supported by evidence that contacts caused a subjective fear for personal safety and that such a fear was objectively reasonable.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Stalking Protective Order

Fountaincourt Homeowners’ Assn. v. Fountaincourt Development, LLC

When an insurer covers negligence performed by an insured, and that insured is legally obligated to pay damages for negligence, then the insurer is obligated to pay those damages. Attorney fees will not be awarded if the motion to assert a right to get them comes after entry of a judgment on the merits.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Insurance Law

State v. McCullough

The emergency aid exception requires an officer to believe entry is immediately necessary to aid someone who is suffering, or someone who is being imminently threatened with suffering.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

The Foster Group, Inc. v. City of Elgin, Oregon

A taking occurs when the government takes physical possession of land, not when the idea of taking the land became known. The discovery rule comes into effect when a plaintiff should have known the harm took place.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Tort Law

State v. Todd

When a trial court presents a defendant with the option to continue with their present lawyer or proceed pro se, it must determine that the defendant fully understands the risks of pro se representation, and has intentionally relinquished their right to counsel.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

State v. Durando, III

Ordinary preservation analysis asks whether an appellant gave “the trial court the chance to consider and rule on a contention, thereby possibly avoiding an error altogether or correcting one already made.”

Area(s) of Law:
  • Appellate Procedure

State v. Ferraro

A trial court abuses its discretion when it fails to grant a continuance to a criminal defendant who has not had adequate opportunity to retain counsel, nor adequate time to mount a defense.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

State v. E.D.

Under ORS 426.005(1)(e), a single violent act and vague threats are not sufficient to qualify as clear and convincing evidence for the purposes of involuntary civil commitment.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Commitment

Safeco Ins. Co. v. Masood

While there is an implied duty to act in good faith, no additional contract terms may be added to a contract unilaterally, including the inclusion of a confidentiality agreement.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Contract Law

State v. Salas-Juarez

If a defendant fails to preserve error in trial, the Court may exercise its discretion whether to consider an error raised on appeal to be a plain error sua sponte.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Appellate Procedure

State v. Thacker

Under Article I, section 9, of the Oregon Constitution, police physically confining a vehicle in a driveway from driving away qualifies as a stop.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

State v. Marker

Under ORS 163.305(5), a person who is asleep is “physically helpless.”

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

State v. Martinez

A request for legal counsel is evaluated under the totality of the circumstances and may be based on what a reasonable officer would have believed. Asking to speak to an attorney only in direct response to an offer of privacy to call an attorney prior to a breath test would not have been understood by a reasonable officer as an invocation of defendant’s right to counsel.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

State v. Shutoff

Under ORS 136.040, a criminal defendant has a right to be present at his trial. This right may be waived, but that requires sufficient evidence to support finding that defendant intentionally relinquished his right.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

Alfieri v. Solomon

While communications in mediation an settlement may not be admitted into evidence under ORS 36.222, communications afterwards may. Under ORCP 23, a plaintiff must be allowed to amend his complaint once as a matter of right.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Procedure

Chapman v. Mayfield

In order to show violence resulted from an establishment negligently serving alcohol to a visibly intoxicated person, a plaintiff must show that the violent act was a reasonably foreseeable result of service though sufficient evidence.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Tort Law

State v. Nelson

Under ORS 166.240, an object must be "designed and intended primarily as weapons to inflict bodily injury or death" to qualify as a weapon or similar instrument.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

State v. Ruiz-Piza

A confession induced through fear is a strong indicator of involuntariness when considered as part of the totality of the circumstances during a suppression hearing.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

State v. Jimenez

An officer may not investigate matters unrelated to a stop absent reasonable suspicion of that unrelated matter, an unavoidable lull in the inquiry process, or some exception to the warrant requirement.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

State v. Pichardo

When consent is given to a search after questioning that unlawfully extends a stop, evidence obtained must be suppressed.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

Cardona and Cardona

Under ORS 107.105(1)(f)(A), a pension is marital property which, as long as the presumption of equal contribution has not been rebutted, should be divided evenly upon marital dissolution.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Family Law

State v. Rodriguez-Perez

Under Article I, section 9, of the Oregon Constitution, officers’ reasonable suspicion must is examined for what is objectively reasonable. An individual appearing agitated while his brother is being searched is not enough to warrant reasonable suspicion.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

State v. Medina

Under ORS 165.800, signing a false name to a police document, which is then used to discover the signer’s true name, constitutes converting and uttering the “personal identification of another person… with intent to deceive.”

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

Dept. of Human Services v. I.S.

Under ORS 419B.100(1)(c), juvenile dependency jurisdiction is proper when "condition or circumstances are such as to endanger the welfare" of the child. If a court does not find that a parent has exposed children to reasonable likelihood of harm, then the conditions of jurisdiction have not been met.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Juvenile Law

State v. Bistrika

Jury instructions which insert an irrelevant issue into a case constitute a reversible error.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

State v. Smith

Under ORS 163.670(1), compelling or inducing a child to engage in sexually explicit conduct may be inferred by a factfinder from sexually explicit photographs in which a child’s facial expression conveys that the child has been persuaded or influenced to participate. A jury can infer from the nature of photographs, and the context of other evidence, that they are sexually explicit.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Evidence

D.W.C. v. Carter

Under ORS 30.866, a stalking protective order requires a petitioner have subjective alarm, that alarm to be objectively reasonable, and that alarm to be the result of multiple qualifying contacts.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Stalking Protective Order

Talbott v. Teacher Standards & Practices Commission

A good faith answer to employment related questions that proves to be false is not knowingly misrepresenting facts under ORS 183.650(4). While a writing directly related to professional duties made while off duty does violate professional standards, a writing that is a private expression of opinion does not.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Administrative Law

State v. Dickerson

Under ORS 164.354, the phrase “property of another” includes property in which another has any legal or equitable interest and is not limited to proprietary or possessor ownership.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

Dept. of Human Services v. F.J.S.

A history of anger management and substance abuse problems, coupled with failure to attend court-ordered therapy, constituted sufficient evidence to show a parent was unfit and their child could not be integrated into that parent's home within a reasonable time.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Juvenile Law

State v. Burns

A trial decision that alters a defendant’s criminal history determination, but does not alter the sentence received, is justiciable as a defendant’s only avenue for challenging a criminal history determination. Under ORS 131.505(4), a series of crimes may constitute a single criminal objective if separated by only a short period of time.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Procedure

State v. Olive

Under ORS 162.315, it must be shown that an individual intended to resist arrest in order to satisfy the elements of the offense. Additionally, in order to form the required intent the person must know they are being arrested.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

State v. Goff

Under OEC 404(3), evidence of prior misconduct is inadmissible to show intent if defendant has not admitted the act in question.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Evidence

Blue Iguana, Inc. v. Oregon Liquor Control Commission

The “crowd management exemption” under ORS 181.871(2), which permits limited use of unlicensed security personnel at events involving liquor, applies only to “organized events,” and the discretion to define the terms of that statute rests with the Oregon Liquor Control Commission.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Administrative Law

State v. Whitmore

Expert testimony of a scientific nature is so inherently persuasive that not only must an expert's credentials be testified to a jury, but a foundation must be built showing their methodology is scientifically valid.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Evidence

Dept. of Human Services v. M.K.

Under ORS 419B.476, "reasonable efforts" to allow a ward to be returned home must be determined by a totality of the circumstances analysis and not a single factor such as cost.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Juvenile Law

State v. Brown

Diagnosis of a victim as sexually abused or “highly concerning for sexual abuse” requires physical evidence to support it in order to be admitted into evidence since such a diagnosis has more than a little likelihood to affect a jury’s verdict.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Evidence

N.J.R. v. Kore

The Court of Appeals lacks jurisdiction to hear an appeal of a dismissal of a FAPA violation when no substantial right has been affected. An SPO may only be given if requested as a remedy in civil action, or when a person complains to a law enforcement officer and that officer gives a citation with specific notice, not sua sponte.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Family Abuse Prevention Act

Whalen v. American Medical Response Northwest, Inc.

Under ORCP 47 E, expert testimony referred to in an affidavit may create a genuine dispute of fact, even when that information is very limited. Under ORS 12.110, the "discovery rule" applies to battery charges, beginning the two year statute of limitations from when the battery is reasonably discoverable.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Procedure