Rachel Pavlich

United States Supreme Court (16 summaries)

Manuel v. City of Joliet, Illinois, et al.

Unlawful pretrial detention may be challenged on Fourth Amendment grounds, and not solely on the Due Process Clause.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

Wilson v. Sellers

“Whether the court's decision in Harrington v. Richter silently abrogates the presumption set forth in Ylst v. Nunnemaker – that a federal court sitting in habeas proceedings should “look through” a summary state court ruling to review the last reasoned decision – as a slim majority of the en banc U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit held in this case, despite the agreement of both parties that the Ylst presumption should continue to apply?”

Area(s) of Law:
  • Habeas Corpus

Bravo-Fernandez v. United States

The Double Jeopardy Clause’s issue-preclusion component does not prevent the government from retrying a defendant following a jury’s return of irreconcilably inconsistent verdicts of conviction and acquittals where a legal error separate and apart from the inconsistencies led to the vacation of the convictions.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Constitutional Law

Fry, Stacy, et vir v. Napoleon Community Sch., et al

Whether the HCPA commands exhaustion in a suit, when it is brought under the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Rehabilitation Act, that seeks damages if that remedy that is not available under the IDEA?

Area(s) of Law:
  • Disability Law

Dollar General Corp. v. Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians

Tribal Courts have jurisdiction over non-Indians who enter into a consensual relationship with the tribe through commercial dealing, contracts, leases or other arrangements.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Indian Law

National Labor Relations Board v. SW General, Inc.

Whether the precondition in Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998 § b(1) on service in an acting capacity by a person nominated by the President to fill the office on a permanent basis applies only to first assistants who take office under Subsection (a)(1) of FVRA, or whether it also limits acting service by officials who assume acting responsibilities under Subsections (a)(2) and (a)(3)?

Area(s) of Law:
  • Constitutional Law

United States v. Bryant

The Sixth Amendment does not preclude the use of uncounseled tribal court convictions as predicate offenses for purposes of 18 U.S.C. § 117

Area(s) of Law:
  • Indian Law

State Farm Fire and Casualty Co. v. United States ex rel. Rigsby

What standard governs the decision of whether to dismiss a relator's seal requirement under the False Claims Act?

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Procedure

Kernan v. Hinojosa

The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act presumes that a state decision rejecting a claim is a ruling on the merits that can be rebutted by looking through summary denials by state appellate courts to an earlier state ruling.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Habeas Corpus

Franchise Tax Board of California v. Hyatt

The Constitution does not permit Nevada to award damages against California agencies under Nevada law that are greater than it could award against Nevada agencies in similar circumstances.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Constitutional Law

Evenwel v. Abbott

The equal protection principle of “one person, one vote” permits States to apportion legislative districts using total population, and does not mandate that districts be apportioned based upon registered or eligible voter population.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Constitutional Law

Caetano v. Massachusetts

Blanket prohibitions on the possession of stun guns and other arms not in existences at the time of the founding violate the Second and Fourteenth Amendments.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Constitutional Law

Wearry v. Cain

The Louisiana Court failed to recognize and grant Appellant relief for a Brady v. Maryland violation committed by state prosecutors after they failed to turn over material evidence that prejudiced the appellant.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

Montanile v. Board of Trustees of the National Elevator Industry Health Benefit Plan

ERISA employee benefit plans can only sue to recover equitable liens limited to the specifically identified settlement funds established in the subrogation provisions.

Area(s) of Law:
  • ERISA

Hurst v. Florida

A capital sentencing proceeding that allows a judge, and not the jury, to make the final determination in imposing the death penalty violates the Sixth Amendment.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Procedure

City and County of San Francisco California et. al v. Sheehan

Officers are entitled to qualified immunity under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 because there is no clearly established law addressing the issue of necessity to accommodate for mental illness

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Rights § 1983

United States Supreme Court Certiorari Granted (6 summaries)

Jesner v. Arab Bank, PLC

Whether the Alien Tort Statute authorizes claims against corporate defendants?

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Procedure

Coventry Health Care of Missouri, Inc. v. Nevils

(1) Whether the Federal Employees Health Benefits Act pre-empts state laws that prevent carriers from seeking subrogation or reimbursement pursuant to their FEHBA contracts; and (2) whether FEHBA's express-pre-emption provision, 5 U.S.C. § 8902(m)(1), violates the supremacy clause.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Insurance Law

Dean v. United States

Whether Pepper v. United States overruled United States v. Hatcher and similar Eighth Circuit that limited the "district court's discretion to consider the mandatory consecutive sentence under 18 U.S.C. § 924(c) in determining the appropriate sentence for the felony serving as the basis for the Section 924(c) conviction.”

Area(s) of Law:
  • Sentencing

Life Technologies Corporation v. Promega Corporation

Whether the lower court erred in holding that a single entity, when supplying a single commodity component of a multi-component invention, can “actively induce itself to infringe a patent, under 35 U.S.C. § 271(f)(1)?

Area(s) of Law:
  • Patents

National Labor Relations Board v. SW General, Inc.

Whether the precondition in Federal Vacancies Reform Act of 1998 § b(1), governing service in an acting capacity by a person nominated by the President to fill the office on a permanent basis, applies only to first assistants who take office under Subsection (a)(1) of FVRA, or whether it also limits acting service by officials who assume acting responsibilities under Subsections (a)(2) and (a)(3)?

Area(s) of Law:
  • Employment Law

Birchfield v. North Dakota

Whether, without a warrant, a State can make an individual’s refusal to take a chemical test to check for intoxicants a criminal offense?

Area(s) of Law:
  • Constitutional Law