Tony Swartz

9th Circuit Court of Appeals (5 summaries)

United States v. Louis

A defendant, in a civil forfeiture suit, cannot use the Fifth Amendment "as both a sword and shield" by refusing to answer interrogatory discovery requests containing necessary elements to establish the defendant's Article III standing.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Civil Law

Wright v. Incline Village General Improvement

Privately-owned beach property, with access restricted to owners based on boundaries established in 1968, does not violate the First Amendment or the Equal Protection Clause.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Constitutional Law

United States v. McEnry

§ 2B1.1 of the Sentencing Guidelines, not § 2A5.2, is most analogous to the crime of serving as an airman without an airman's certificate.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Criminal Law

Samueli v. CIR

A securities loan with a fixed term entered for the purposes of avoiding taxable income does not qualify for non-recognition treatment.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Tax Law

Fleischer Studios v. A.V.E.L.A., Inc.

In an agreement regarding the purchase agreement of Betty Boop cartoons, the chain of title regarding copyright of the character was carved out. As such, the transfers of copyright made after the agreement did not pass copyright to the plaintiff.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Copyright

Oregon Court of Appeals (1 summary)

Oregon Firearms v. Board of Higher Education

Regulation of activities involving firearms is the sole domain of the state legislature, unless it expressly authorizes otherwise.

Area(s) of Law:
  • Administrative Law