Caroline Davidson graduated cum laude from Harvard Law School, where she was an executive editor of the Harvard Human Rights Journal. Prior to law school, she studied history and romance languages at Princeton University, graduating magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa in 1995.
Davidson served as a judicial law clerk to Judge Alfred T. Goodwin of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in 2000–01. She then worked as a litigation associate at Howard, Rice, Nemerovski, Canady, Falk & Rabkin in San Francisco until she left the United States for The Hague, where she worked as a lawyer prosecuting alleged war criminals at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the State Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In between stints abroad, from 2005 to 2007, Davidson defended clients in federal court on criminal and habeas corpus matters as an assistant federal public defender in Portland, Ore. She joined the Willamette law faculty in the fall of 2008.
Davidson is admitted to the state bar of Oregon (active pro bono status) and California (inactive status). Her research interests focus on international criminal and human rights law.
- Book Review, Human Rights Quarterly 34 (2012) (reviewing M. Cherif Bassiouni, Crimes Against Humanity: Historical Evolution and Contemporary Application (Cambridge University Press 2011)).
- May It Please the Crowd? Public Confidence, Public Order and Public Opinion in Bail for International Criminal Defendants, 43 Colum. Hum. Rts. L. Rev. 349 (2012).
- No Shortcuts on Human Rights: Bail and the International Criminal Trial, 60 American University Law Review 1 (2010).
- Tort au canadien: A Proposal for Canadian Tort Legislation on Gross Violations of International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, 38 Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 1403 (2005).