Biography - Selected U.S. Supreme Court Justices
Black, Hugo (1886-1971). Nominated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Supreme Court Tenure, 1937-1971.
Justice Black became "something of a folk hero in his own time."
Dunne, Gerald T. Hugo Black and the Judicial Revolution. N. Y., Simon & Schuster, 1977. KF 8745.B55D86
Newman, Roger K., Hugo Black: A Biography, N.Y., Pantheon Books, 1994. KF 8745.B55N49
Brandeis, Louis D. (1856-1941). Nominated by President Woodrow Wilson. Supreme Court Tenure, 1916-1939.
The first Jew to sit on the court, Justice Brandeis believed that "great deeds, including the creation of a civilized existence, could be done, if all citizens participated in the workings of their societies."
Strum, Philippa. Louis D. Brandeis - Justice for the People. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1984. KF 8745.B67S78
Douglas, William (1898-1980). Nominated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Supreme Court Tenure, 1939-1975.
Justice Douglas "preached his beliefs and hopes for mankind ... in his many books and on his treks through the wilderness, and most of all, from the bench of the U.S. Supreme Court."
Simon, James. Independent Journey: The Life of William O. Douglas. N. Y., Penguin Books, 1981. KF 8745.D6S55.
Holmes, Jr., Oliver Wendell (1841-1935) Nominated by President Theodore Roosevelt. Supreme Court Tenure, 1902-1932.
Justice Holmes, "uniquely among American Judges, has been a figure that generation after generation of scholars and laypersons has found intriguing."
White, G. Edward. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes: Law and the Inner Self. N.Y., Oxford University Press, 1993. KF 8745.H6W47
Marshall, John (1755-1835). Nominated by President John Adams. Supreme Court Tenure, 1801-1835.
"The story of John Marshall is the story of one man's devotion to law and his efforts to persuade his country of the wisdom of such devotion."
Baker, Leonard. John Marshall: A Life in Law. N. Y., MacMillan, 1974. KF 8745.M3B3
Marshall, Thurgood (1908-1993). Nominated by President Lyndon B. Johnson. Supreme Court Tenure, 1967-1991.
The first African-American appointed to the High Court, Justice Marshall "was the legal conscience for all Americans, not just black Americans."
Bland, Randall Walton. Justice Thurgood Marshall: Crusader for Liberalism; His Judicial Biography. Bethesda, MD, Academica Press, 2001. KF 8745.M34B547
Davis, Michael D. & Hunter, R. Clark. Thurgood Marshall: Warrior at the Bar, Rebel on the Bench. N. Y., Birch Lane Press/Carol Publishing Group, 1993. KF 8745.M34D38
Tushnet, Mark V. Thurgood Marshall: His Speeches, Writings, Arguments, Opinions, and Reminiscences. Chicago, Chicago Review Press, 2001. KF 8745.M34A4
Stone, Harlan Fiske (1872-1946). Nominated by President Calvin Coolidge. Supreme Court tenure, 1925-1946.
Justice Stone was characterized by "(S)heer force of character, extraordinary ability to inspire confidence in those whose lives he touched, tolerance and humaneness."
Mason, Alpheus T. Harlan Fiske Stone: Pillar of the Law. N. Y. Viking Press, 1956. KF 8745.S8M3
Story, Joseph (1779-1845). Nominated by President James Madison. Supreme Court Tenure, 1832-1845.
Justice Story was the youngest Supreme Court nominee in history and "belonged to that generation touched by the idealism of the American Revolution. He grew up with the Republic, [and] intermingled his ambition with its fate."
Newmyer, R. Kent. Supreme Court Justice Joseph Story: Statesman of the Old Republic. Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press, 1985. KF 8745.S83N48
Warren, Earl (1891-1974). Nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Supreme Court tenure, 1954-1969.
Justice Warren "served...through one of the few periods in American history during which the Court became the center of intense public controversy, and was himself a highly visible and controversial figure."
White, G. Edward. Earl Warrren: A Public Life.
N. Y., Oxford University Press, 1982. KF 8745.W3W45