Willamette Law Online

(27 summaries)

Wesley Garcia

United States Supreme Court

TitleExcerptFilling Date
Millbrook v. United StatesTort Law: Under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA) the law enforcement proviso in 28 U.S.C. §2680(h) for intentional torts extends to officers’ acts or omissions arising within the scope of their duty and is not limited to conduct during an arrest, search, or seizure.(03-27-2013)
FTC v. Phoebe Putney Health System, Inc.Antitrust: Since Georgia has not clearly articulated and affirmatively expressed a policy in which hospital authorities can substantially lessen competition by acquiring additional hospitals, state-action immunity does not apply to the hospital authorities.(02-19-2013)
Match-E-Be-Nash-She-Wish Band of Pottawatomi Indians v. Patchak & Salazar v. PatchakStanding: The United States waived sovereign immunity under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) when it took land in trust for tribal use, and the Quiet Title Act (QTA) does not provide an exception for a suit that does not seek title of the land. Further, because the Indian Reorganization Act addresses land use, Respondent’s claims are entitled to prudential standing because they are within the Act’s “zone of interest.”(06-18-2012)
Holder v. GutierrezAdministrative Law: The Board of Immigration Appeals' decision to reject imputation of parental residency is reasonable and entitled to [italics]Chevron[/italics] deference because it is “based on a permissible construction” of the statute.(05-21-2012)

United States Supreme Court Certiorari Granted

TitleExcerptFilling Date
U.S. Forest Service v. Pacific Rivers CouncilAdministrative Law: (1) Whether a plaintiff has Article III standing if it failed to establish a specific imminent threatened injury from its contact with the forest area affected by United States Forest Service proposals; (2) whether a plaintiff's claim is ripe if it can still object once it identified a specific injurious project; and (3) whether the National Environmental Policy Act requires the United States Forest Service to analyze all potential environmental effects as soon as reasonably possible.(03-18-2013)
Walden v. FioreCivil Procedure: (1) Whether knowledge that Plaintiff has connections to the forum State constitute “express aiming” for specific personal jurisdiction; and (2) whether venue is established under 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b)(2) when the events or omissions giving rise to the claim occurred in a judicial district other than the forum state.(03-04-2013)
Hillman v. MarettaPreemption: Whether the Federal Employees’ Group Life Insurance Act (FEGLIA) preempts Virginia’s omitted spouse statute that allows a third party to recover death benefits from the named beneficiary. (01-11-2013)
Sebelius v. CloerAttorney Fees: Whether a person who untimely files a claim under the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program is eligible for an award of attorneys’ fees when the claim was brought in good faith and with a reasonable basis.(11-20-2012)
Millbrook v. United StatesTort Law: Whether 28 U.S.C. §§1346(b) and 2680(h) waive the sovereign immunity of the United States for intentional torts committed by prison guards who are acting within the scope of their employment but are not exercising authority to "execute searches, to seize evidence or to make arrests for violations of Federal law."(09-25-2012)
FTC v. Phoebe Putney Health System, Inc.Corporations: (1) Whether the Georgia legislature “clearly articulated and affirmatively expressed [a] state policy to displace competition” when it vested powers to acquire and lease hospitals; if so (2) whether such policy is sufficient to validate anticompetitive conduct given minimal state involvement with a leased hospital.(06-25-2012)

9th Circuit Court of Appeals

TitleExcerptFilling Date
Ventress v. Japan AirlinesPreemption: The Federal Aviation Act impliedly field preempts state whistleblower and employment law claims regarding pilot qualifications and medical standards.(03-28-2014)
Rivera v. County of Los Angeles Criminal Procedure: Counties are not liable for violations of federal or state laws when arrestee was mistakenly identified as subject of arrest warrant because the counties had good faith, reasonable beliefs to make arrest, and statutory immunity.(03-12-2014)
United States v. Gonzales-MonterrosoSentencing: Delaware’s attempted rape in the fourth degree statute does not categorically qualify as a “crime of violence” to warrant a sixteen-level sentencing enhancement because the statute’s definition of “substantial step” is broader than the generic federal analogue.(02-14-2014)
Jones v. Nat'l Marine Fisheries Environmental Law: The Army Corps of Engineers’ Environmental Assessment and finding of no significant impact was neither deficient nor arbitrary or capricious, and therefore the Oregon Resources Corporation did not need to submit an additional environmental impact statement in order to receive a permit to mine mineral sands.(12-20-2013)
United States v. Arreguin Criminal Procedure: Under the apparent authority doctrine, it is not objectively reasonable to believe a houseguest has authority to consent to the search of a house when officers know virtually nothing about the houseguest, the rooms in the residence, or the houseguest’s connection to those rooms.(11-22-2013)
Wong v. BeebeTort Law: 28 U.S.C. § 2401(b) of the Federal Tort Claims Act is not a “jurisdictional” statute and is therefore entitled to presumptions of equitable tolling.(10-09-2013)
Nuveen Municipal v. City of AlamedaCivil Law: Failure to establish loss causation for securities fraud is fatal for a claim alleging loss due to misrepresentations.(09-19-2013)
Dow v. VirgaCriminal Procedure: The standard to be used by state courts in reviewing prosecutorial misconduct is one of materiality, per Napue v. Illinois, not harmlessness.(09-05-2013)
Drakes Bay Oyster Co. v. JewellAdministrative Law: The Ninth Circuit has jurisdiction to review an agency decision for abuse of discretion in allowing a mariculture permit to expire, but it does not have jurisdiction over the ultimate discretionary decision; the Secretary of the Interior did not abuse its discretion by not renewing the permit. (09-03-2013)
United States v. Acosta-ChavezSentencing: Illinois’s Aggravated Criminal Sexual Abuse statute does not categorically qualify as a “forcible sex offense” to warrant a sixteen-level sentencing enhancement because the statute’s definition of a minor is broader than the generic federal analogue. (08-14-2013)
United States v. GomezCriminal Procedure: Admitting a defendant’s post-arrest statement does not violate Miranda v. Arizona where the statement was voluntary and inconsistent with the defendant’s testimony and where the prosecution uses the statement only for impeachment purposes. (08-06-2013)
Murphy v. DirecTV, Inc.Arbitration: The Federal Arbitration Act preempts California’s rule that renders class arbitration waivers unenforceable, and Best Buy, as a non-signatory to a contract, cannot be compelled to arbitrate because no relevant California law allows it.(07-30-2013)
Kimble v. Marvel Enter., Inc.Patents: A “hybrid” license agreement with inseparable patent and non-patent rights that includes royalty payments beyond the patent’s expiration is unenforceable after expiration unless the agreement includes a discount rate for the non-patent rights.(07-16-2013)
Cardenas-Delgado v. HolderImmigration: Immigration Nationality Act § 212(c) does not apply retroactively to waiver applications for convictions prior to the statute’s repeal.(06-26-2013)
Harris v. AmgenCorporations: The fiduciary duty of care and loyalty under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act ("ERISA") is breached when a fiduciary continues to offer company stock as an investment alternative when it knew or should have known the stock's artificially inflated value; appointment of a trustee is not a clear delegation of exclusive authority by the fiduciary for purposes of defeating ERISA fiduciary status.(06-04-2013)
Acosta v. City of Costa MesaConstitutional Law: A California city ordinance prohibiting disruptive public behavior at city council meetings is constitutionally overbroad and not severable when it fails to “limit proscribed activity to only actual disturbances” and instead includes a significant amount of “non-disruptive, protected speech.”(05-03-2013)
Radcliffe_v._Experian Info. SolutionsCivil Law: An incentive award for class representatives conditioned on support of settlement makes the class representatives inadequate and creates a conflict of interest for class counsel between the class representatives and the class. (04-22-2013)