J131 Unit Test L. 4 Review Materials
The Test will include:
I. Some (10) oral short answer questions: On campus, is there a ____ ? Where is it? What kind of building is it? (10)
II. Some written questions based on a chart containing information (10)
III. Some English to Japanese short phrases and complete sentences (15)
IV. Fill in the blanks and give the English for each sentence (5)
V. 7 Katakana from the recent handout for recognition, and 7 for production; and
VI. Revisit the 5 Kanji from L. 4 (大、学、校、先、生) ＝ 大学、大きい学校、学生、大学生、先生、大学の先生
Summary of Key Grammar Points:
I. THINGS これ、それ、あれ = This thing, That thing, That thing over there, e.g. これは 大きい かばん です。
II. PLACES ここ、そこ、あそこ、どこ？= This place, That place, That place over there, Where?
So, these are 2 examples from the こ、そ、あ、ど family of words; they always refer to This, That,That over there.
これ refes to This Thing;
ここ refers to This Place
ほん は ここに あります= The book is here;
カフェは あそこに あります = The cafe is over there.
IN THIS PATTERN, THE THING WE ARE TALKING ABOUT IS MOST IMPORTANT, SO IT IS MENTIONED FIRST
If we are taking about people or pets instead of things, we use the verb います.
やまださんは そこに います = Yamada-san is there.
ねこは ここに います = The cat is here.
あります／います are verbs of existence or location = There are rendered in English like this: In some location THERE IS A....or
THE/PERSON Y___IS LOCATED IN/AT THE....=
YAMADA-SAN IS THERE = やまださんは そこに います
THE CAT IS HERE = ねこは ここに います
III. い and な adjectives. These are usually IS or です sentences.
ゆうびんきょくは りっぱな たてもの です。= The post office is a splendid building.
デパートは 大きい です。The department store is big.
い Adjectives can appear in front of a Noun with no Particle needed: たかい たてもの、大きい うち、ちいさい いぬ
Negative Form of い Adjective ＝ drop final い and replace it with くand then add -ない です or ありません。
なAdjectives = cannot appear in front of a noun without a particle; we must use な as our particle instead of の which we use between 2 nouns;
きれいな たてもの = a pretty/clean building
りっぱな 大学 = a splendid university
ゆうめいな 先生 = a famous teacher
To negate な Adjectives we keep them as they are and just add +じゃ ありません or じゃ ないです:
ゆうめい です = It's famous = ゆうめい じゃ ありません= It's not famous;
りっぱ です = It's fine/spendid = りっぱ じゃ ありません = It's not splendid/fine
IV. LOC に Thing/Person が あります／います Describes the scene in which something exists or is located = "In this location...there is a ____"
IN THIS PATTERN, THE LOCATION WE ARE TALKING ABOUT IS MOST IMPORTANT, SO IT IS MENTIONED FIRST, e.g.,
ここに、Here, OR キャンパスに、on the campus, OR 学生かいかんに, in the UC/Student Union, etc., sets the scene and is followed
by Some Thing or Person が あります／います
ここに あおい かばんが あります＝ Here, there is a blue bookbag
キャンパスに ふるい たてものが あります ＝ On campus, there are old buildings
学生かいかんに 学生が います ＝ In the student union, there are students
このへんに げんこうが あります = Around here, there is a bank
UC に げんこうが あります = In the UC there is a bank
V. Ending Particles ね (right?) and よ (emphatic)!
いま ３：３０ですね = It is 3:30 right now, right?
いいえ、４：００ ですよ = No, it's 4:00 pm!
りっぱな たてもの です ね = It's a splendid building, isn't it? [You think so and you assume your listener will agree wiht you.]
Sentence Patterns we are likely to see:
an old book--->This (thing) is an old book.
small university--->This (thing) is a small university
big department store---->That (thing) is a big department store
new station--->That (thing) over there is a new station
Is there a bank around here? (Lit., Around here/In this vicinity, IS THERE a bank?)
Yes, it is in the Student Union.
a famous town-->That (thing) IS a famous town.
a very pretty park-->That (thing) IS a pretty park.
What kind of building is Goudy Commons?
Over there, there is a tall building, right? [あそこに たかい たてものが あります、ね]
red pen--->This (thing) is a red pen.----> My red pen is there. (2 different sentence types!)
Ueda-san's house is not very large.
Where is the school?
What kind of university is Willamette University?
My blue book bag is over there.
That (thing) over there is a small convenience store.
Is there a supermarket around here? (see #5)
Yes, it is over there.
- Is there a post office on campus?
- Where is it?
- It is in the student union.
Is there a library on campus?
What kind of building is the library?
Where is (your) room（へや）?
What kind of building is (your ) dorm?
That (thing) is a yellow pencil.