J131 Unit Test L. 4 Review Materials

The Test will include:

I. Some (10) oral short answer questions: On campus, is there a ____ ? Where is it? What kind of building is it? (10)

II. Some written questions based on a chart containing information (10)

III. Some English to Japanese short phrases and complete sentences (15)

IV. Fill in the blanks and give the English foreach sentencs (5)

V. 7 Katakana from the recent handout for recognition, and 7 for production; and

VI. Revisit the 5 Kanji from L. 4 (大、学、校、先、生) = 大学、大きい学校、学生、大学生、先生、大学の先生


Summary of Key Grammar Points:

I. THINGS これ、それ、あれ = This thing, That thing, That thing over there, e.g. これは 大きい かばん です。

II.PLACES ここ、そこ、あそこ、どこ?= This place, That place, That place over there, Where?

So, these 2 components of theこ、そ、あ、ど family of words; they always refer to This, That,That over there.

これ refes to This Thing;

ここ refers to This Place



We use these Place Words with a Patterns like: Something は  Some Location に あります:  

ほん は ここに あります= The book is here;

カフェは あそこに あります = The cafe is over there.



If we are taking about people or pets instead of things, we use the verb います.  

やまださんは そこに います = Yamada-san is there.

ねこは  ここに います = The cat is here.

あります/います are verbs of existence or location = There are rendered in English like this: In some location THERE IS A....or


YAMADA-SAN IS THERE = やまださんは そこに います

THE CAT IS HERE = ねこは  ここに います


III. い and な adjectives. These are usually IS or です sentences. 

ゆうびんきょくは りっぱな たてもの です。= The post office is a splendid building.

デパートは 大きい です。The department store is big.


い Adjectives can appear in front of a Noun with no Particle needed:  たかい たてもの、大きい うち、ちいさい いぬ

Negative Form of い Adjective = drop final い and replace it with くand then add -ない です or ありません。


なAdjectives = cannot appear in front of a noun without a particle; we must use な as our particle instead of の which we use between 2 nouns;

きれいな たてもの = a pretty/clean building

りっぱな 大学 = a splendid university

ゆうめいな 先生 = a famous teacher


To negate な Adjectives we keep them as they are and just add +じゃありません or じゃないです: 

ゆうめい です = It's famous = ゆうめい じゃ ありません= It's not famous;

りっぱ です = It's fine/spendid = りっぱ じゃ ありません = It's not splendid/fine 


IV. LOC に Thing/Person が あります/います Describes the scene in which something exists or is located = "In this location...there is a ____"


ここに、Here, キャンパスに、on the campus, 学生かいかんに, in the UC/Student Union, etc., followed by Some Thing or Person が あります/います 

ここに あおい かばんが あります= Here, there is a blue bookbag

キャンパスに ふるい たてものが あります = On campus, there are old buildings

学生かいかんに 学生が います = In the student union, there are students


V. Ending Particles ね (right?)  and よ (emphatic)!  

いま 3:30ですね。いいえ、4:00 ですよ = it's 3:30 right now, right? No, it's 4:00 pm!



Sentence Patterns we are likely to see:

  1. an old book--->This (thing) is an old book.

  2. small university--->This (thing) is a small university

  3. big department store---->That (thing) is a big department store

  4. new station--->That (thing) over there is a new station

  5. Is there a bank around here?

  6. Yes, it is in the Student Union.

  7. a famous town-->That (thing) IS a famous town.

  8. a very pretty park-->That (thing) is a pretty park.

  9. What kind of building is Goudy Commons?

  10. Over there, there is a tall building, right?  あそこに たかい たてものが あります、ね。

  11. red pen--->This (thing) is a red pen.----> My red pen is there.

  12. Ueda-san's house is not very large.

  13. Where is the school?

  14. What kind of university is Willamette University?

  15. My blue book bag is over there.

  16. That (thing) over there is a small convenience store.

  17. Is there a supermarket around here? (see #5)

  18. Yes, it is over there.

  19. A "not at all old" eraser---->My eraser is not old at all.

  20. Is there a post office on campus?

  21. Where is it?

  22. It is in the student union.

  23. Is there a library on campus?

  24. What kind of building is the library?

  25. Where is (your) room(へや)?

  26. What kind of building is (your ) dorm?

  27. That (thing) is a yellow pencil.