日本語131 L5

A. On the キャンパス ( see p. 169)

どんな たてものが ありますか

Ans: Library, Gym, Student Union, "Media Center" (メデアセンター)

学しょく、きょうしつ、コンピュータ ルーム 

トイレ

 

B. p. 170: In the room (へやに) 

なにが ありますか= What is there?

Door, Bed, Window, Desk, Chest of Drawers, Clock, Bookshelf, Painting, Photograph, Phone, Closet, etc.

In the Classroom (きょうしつに) なにが ありますかDoor, Chalkboard, Window, TV, Desk, Video, Picture, Clock, Textbook, Chair, Computer

C. Nature しぜん 山、川、き、田

 

D. Transportation: のりもの

Do you have/Is there a:

Car, Bike, Bus 

Use で with Transportation Modes to say "by means of..."

e.g., バス で いきました = I went BY bus

E. New Adjectives:

い-type: あかるい、くらい、ひろい、せまい、はやい(fast)

 

あかるく ありません、くらくないです、

ひろくありません、せまくないです

 

な-type: しずか = しずか じゃない です

 

 

Grammar I: この___、その___、あの___どの___

Adds to our KO, SO, A, DO List

But these words are different; they must be followed by a Noun so you are saying

This___, or That___

この本、その山、あの川, その人、あの学生、その先生

Other demonstratives like これ=already contain a Noun so it can be used on its own and means

"This thing" これは___です。

That's why we can never have これ本、それ山

And remember, これ、それ、あれ、どれ cannot be used for people so it will always be:

この人、その人、あの人

Likewise, ここ、そこ、あそこ、どこ= are about places; they already mean "this place, that place" as they are so we could NEVER have something like:

ここ カフェ or そこ川 

そこ デパート

But rather it would be そのカフェ or その川

or あのデパート

So,"this room" = この へや

"that picture" = その え

"that photograph" = その しゃしん

"that car over there" = あの くるま

 

It would seem that like これ、それ、あれ、

この_Noun_その_N_、あの_N__ are likely to be

です type sentences

その学生は アメリカ人です 

この先生 は いい先生です

which means that it is mostly the location words in the Ko, So, A, Do family that may involve a verb of location/existence, あります/います 

そこに ぎんこうが あります 

ここに あおい ペンがあります

But you could also have a です pattern with these words like ここ、そこ、あそこ such as:

 

そこは いい ところです = That is a good place.

ここは ひろいきょうしつです = This is a big classroom

あそこは ラムパブです

So all these utterances are saying something about a place: This/That place is a good place....., spacious classroom, etc.

 

You try:

This university

That professor

That Dog over there

That Convenience Store

 

This Department Store

That Hospital hosp over there

 

This classroom

That Bike over there bike

 

That clock

 

That TV over there is old

 

This Coffee sta

 

 

 

 

 

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