日本語132 第七課

What if we want to talk about the things we like/dislike to do, i.e. ACTIONS? We have to use VERBS, but we cannot use -ますforms. So...

We have to resort to the PLAIN or DICTIONARY (or non-ます)forms, which means the る or うforms of verbs.

 

As always, we have to look at 2 types of verbs: る and う.

 

1. るverbs are always easier, more consistent. You simply drop the -ます and replace it with -る.

たべますーーー>たべる

みますーーー>みる

おきますーーー>おきる

ねますーーー> ねる

 

2. うverbs, of course, are the more variable, less homogenous types of verbs, with 7-8 subsets or "families" of verbs that are consisent within the subgroup, but vary depending on the type of consonant.

a. M よみますーーー>よむ; 

のみますーーー>のむ

  [B] よびますーーー>よぶ (invite, call);

あそびますーーー>あそぶ

 

b. K かきますーーー>かく; 

いきますーーー>いく; 

あるきますーーー>あるく; 

ききますーーー>きく

 [G] およぎますーーー>およぐ;

いそぎますーーー>いそぐ (hurry)

 

c. S はなしますーーー>はなす;  

かしますーーー>かす (lend)

 

d. I (Vowel)

あいますーーー>あう; 

かいますーーー>かう; 

うたいますーーー>うたう

 

e. T まちますーーー>まつ; 

もちますーーー>もつ (have, hold)

 

f. R かえりますーーー>かえる; 

つくりますーーー>つくる(make); 

分りますーーー>分かる

 

g. N しにますーーー>しぬ (die)

 

Of course, we have our IRREGULAR verbs, as well:

1.  しますーーー>する

2. きますーーー>くる

 

For more on verbs, you might find these websites helpful:

http://www.epochrypha.com/japanese/materials/verbs/

http://japanese.about.com/blvarchive.htm

 

So, to NOMINALIZE a verb, i.e., turn it into a NOUN, we take the PLAIN or DICTIONARY form of the verb +の+が+好き/きらい

1、本を よみます。 好き です。ーーー> 本をよむ の が 好きです。

 

2、ロックを Listen の が 好きです。

 

3、としょかんへ go  の が 好き です。

 

4、レストランで eat の が きらい です。

 

5、えいがを watch の が 大好き です。

 

6、えいがを go to see の が 好き です。

 

7、ともだち talk with の が 大好き です。

 

So were are saying that we like talking with our friends, reading books, going to the movies, watching movies, or going to the library, etc., meaning that the noun form of the verb is comparable to the English -ING form in this instance. Try some:

1. I love eating fruit.

2. I don't like going out to drink very much.

3. I like to singing at karaoke.

3. I like to take photographs.

4. I love to go hiking.

5. I don't like watching baseball very much.

6. I love listening to jazz.

7. I like traveling.

8. I don't like going for a drive.

9. I love drawing pictures.

10. I don't like singing songs very much.

 

More Cues: What sorts of things do you like doing?

  何をするのが好きですか。

Listening to music                        

 

Going to a party

 

Watching videos                         

 

Going for a drive

 

Eating delicious food                     

 

Playing computer games

 

Doing aerobics                              

 

Drinking coffee [or juice, cola, tea, beer, wine, water]

 

Buying CDs [or books, magazines]

 

Reading books/newspapers/magazines

 

Going bowling

 

Cleaning (your room)

Skiing                                          

 

Having a meal out/at a restaurant

 

Golfing

 

Playing tennis                                      

 

Shopping

 

Jogging

 

Listening to jazz/rock, etc.

 

Swimming                                    

 

Studying at the library

 

Traveling

 

Going for a drive                                  

 

Going shopping

 

Singing songs

 

Going to a concert                        

 

Listening to classical music

 

Drawing pictures

 

Taking photographs [of. . .]

 

Having a party