日本語132 L10 Noun Modifying Clauses

Take these English Phrases and have them modify Nouns like, 人、学生、男の人、女の人、先生、etc.

あそこに いる学生 = The student who is over there; so in Japanese we are saying "The over there student."

So, pre-noun modification is really much more consistent in Japanese. To say new student, we say 新しい学生, the same word order as in English, i.e., the modification comes BEFORE THE NOUN, e.g.

BIG HOUSE, LITTLE DOG, etc. 大きい家、小さい いぬ

But to say," the student who is reading a book," we have placed the Modification AFTER THE NOUN; but in Japanese westill say, "the Reading a book Student" or 「本を読んでいる学生」

Likewise, the student who will go to Japan = 日本へ行く学生;in English, we can't say "The will go to Japan student;" we have to get convuluted and use words like who, that, which and make this part of the utterance come after the noun, not before or in front of it.

The textbook shows us this on p. 409 where it lists up all the pre-noun modifying patterns we have studied which consist of い-Adjectives, な-Adjectives, Nouns with の, etc.

In a word, Japanese is much more consistent and therefore, much cooler!! そうでしょうね?

 

 

Let's try some:

Have these verb Phrases below modify a Noun like 人、学生、男の人、女の人、先生

The....who is Eating ice cream

Studying Chemistry, Japanese, Chinese, history,

Talking with sensei

(Now) Living in Lausanne/Matthews/Kaneko/Baxter

Studying in Japan now

Will study in Japan next year

Reading a textbook

Writing an email

Drinking coffee at the Bistro

 

Reading a newspaper/magazine

 

Eating lunch at Kaneko Café

 

Is wearing a necklace/jacket/jeans, T-shirt/blouse/dress/necktie/earrings

 

Will watch a movie this evening

 

Will go to see kabuki this week/Japanese movie

 

Will have lunch at Goudy tomorrow

 

Went to Portland last week

 

Did homework last night

 

Was doing homework last nite

 

Watched TV last nite

 

Was watching TV last nite