日本語132                        Xがほしい V−たい = Expressing Want/Desire

 

Two patterns are used in Japanese to express desire: ほしい if the object of desire is a noun (and it is marked by ) you might say:

 

新しい くるま が  ほしい です = I want a new car

 

and with V-stem + たい if what one wants involves action,  you might use the たい-from of the verb:

 

さかなを たべたい  です = I want to eat fish

 

ポートランドに/へ いきたい  です= I want to go to Portland

 

としょかんで べんきょうしたい  です = I want to study at the library

 

V−たい becomes an Adjectives so you can inflect into the negative or the past:

 

            たべたくない= I don't want to eat

たべたかった = I wanted to eat

 

            いきたくない = I don't want to go

いきたかった = I wanted to go

 

Two things to note.  Since desire is internal, an unobservable feeling, these forms are only used for the first person, i.e., oneself. 

If you want to talk about a third person’s desires, you have to change to the progressive form of the verb (-がっている) and say

 

田中さんは新しい くるまが ほしがっている

 

田中さんは新しい くるまを/が かいたがっている

 

Second, when expressing desire, Japanese describe the object of desire as a source that causes one to respond to it, so the source that causes desire is considered the information of central focus.  With  ほしい we usually use が unless it is the topic of the utterance and then we might use ,while with the V−たい form we use   or  

Of course, we can use these forms with the ん です pattern, too, such as with

いきたかったん です = I wanted to go

たべたかったん です = I wanted to eat

その本を よみたかったん です = I wanted to read that book

 

But let's practice with the present for now.

 

Practice

1、田中さん 本 かう

2、上田さん 新しい ネックレス ほしい

3、You want to go to Italy/France/China

4、You want a new necktie/ring/earring/CD

5、You want to eat Pizza tonite/Pasta/Steak/Sushi/Katsudon

6、You want to drink Coffee at the Bistro/Juice

7、You want to play video games this weekend, 田中さん wants to play....

8、You want to study in Japan next year

9、You want a new car/bike/dictionary/TV

10、You want to read an SF book, 田中さん wants to read an SF book

11、You want to wait at the bookstore/station