日本語132                        Xがほしい V−たい = Expressing Want/Desire

 

Two patterns are used in Japanese to express desire: ほしい if the object of desire is a noun (and it is marked by ) you might say:

新しいくるまがほしい

 

and with V-stem + たい if what one wants involves action,  you might say:

 

さかなを たべたい  です

 

ポートランドに/へ いきたい  です

 

としょかんで べんきょうしたい  です

 

V−たい becomes an Adjectives so you can inflect into negative or past:

 

            たべたくない、たべたかった

 

            いきたくない、いきたかった

 

Two things to note.  Since desire is internal, an unobservable feeling, these forms are only used for the first person, i.e., oneself.  If you want to talk about a third person’s desires, you have to change to the progressive form of the verb(-がっている) and say

 

田中さんは新しい くるまが ほしがっている

 

田中さんは新しい くるまを/が かいたがっている

 

Second, when expressing desire, Japanese describe the object of desire as a source that causes one to respond to it, so the source that causes desire is considered the information of central focus.  With  ほしい we usually use が unless it is the topic of the utterance and then we might use ,while with the V−たい form we use   or  Of course, we can use these forms with the ん です pattern, too, such as with

いきたかったん です、たべたかったん です、その本を よみたかったん です

 

But let's practice with the present for now.

 

Practice

1、田中さん 本 かう

2、上田さん 新しい ネックレス ほしい

3、You want to go to Italy/France/China

4、You want a new necktie/ring/earring/CD

5、You want to eat Pizza tonite/Pasta/Steak/Sushi/Katsudon

6、You want to drink Coffee at the Bistro/Juice

7、You want to play video games this weekend, 田中さん wants to play....

8、You want to study in Japan next year

9、You want a new car/bike/dictionary/TV

10、You want to read an SF book, 田中さん wants to read an SF book

11、You want to wait at the bookstore/station