J314                                                     Medieval Culture

 

Political                                                         Cultural

Kamakura Bakufu/Shogunate                  Two new kinds of Buddhism

            (1185-1336)

Rise of Samurai Power

 

            Capital in Eastern Japan                              1. Popular Buddhism

            Shogunal Rule                                                          a. Pure Land (Jodo)

                        +Regents                                                       b. True Pure Land (Jodo Shinshu)

                        + Military Governors                                  c. Lotus Sect or Nichiren

                        +Land stewards (samurai)

                                                                                    2. Zen-- Rinzai Sect --Eisai

                                                                                                   Soto Sect --Hogen

 

Ashikaga Shogunate 1336-1572                 The fuuryuu cultural complex crystallizes

            Capital Back in Kyoto = blend                   Tea Ceremony

                                                                                    Landscape Gardening

            Shoguns weak                                              Flower Arranging

            Military Governors strong             Ink painting

                                                                                    Noh Theatre

            Increasing conflict-------->warfare Picture Scolls

                                                                                    Painted Screens

                                                                                    Oral Literature = Heike monogatari or Tale of the Heike

                                                                                    Renga = Linked Verse

Wars of (Re)Unification = Sengoku jidai

            1560-1600                                                                   Characterisitics:

                                                                                                            „Zen influenced

                                                                                                            „tossed naturalism

                                                                                                            „tasteful simplicity

                                                                                                            „fragile imperfection

                                                                                                            „rough, restrained beauty

                                                                                                            „evokes sadness/oneness

                                                                                                            „refined elegance

                                                                                                            „sparse, plain decor

 

 

Tokugawa Shogunate 1600-1867   Chonin bunka or Urban Culture = Dynamic

            Stable, urban, peaceful                                Townsmen Culture, colorful, spectacle

                                                                                                New Prose fiction

            Strong central authority                                         Puppet Theater - Bunraku

                                                                                                Kabuki = actors central

                                                                                                Haiku = 17 syllable

                                                                                                Woodblock Prints