POLI305: Modern Political Theory Part 1

Locate, and explain the specific conceptual and argumentative content of ...

Kant Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:tumblr_lub7kl45CQ1qgy9v6o1_250.gif, WollstonecraftDescription: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:Wollstonecraft_JohnOpie3.gif, Hegel Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:Hegel.jpg, Marx  Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:carl_marx.gif, Nietzsche Description: Macintosh HD:Users:Sammy:Desktop:Nietzsche_by_Vanjamrgan.jpg

 

MODERN VALUES:

low    

med

high

LIBERTY

(freedom,

self-determination)

 

 

 

negative liberty, ie.

freedom from x

 

 

 

 

positive liberty, ie.

freedom to do y,

eg. to be happy,

moral, fulfill roles etc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

EQUALITY

(equity,

fairness,

justice)          

 

 

 

socio-political equality of status

as subjects

as citizens                

as humans  

 

 

 

 

political equality

direct participation  

indirect participation

functional

representation

 

 

 

legal equality

equality under the law

equal protection

 

 

 

economic equality

of opportunity           

of subsistence

of condition/outcome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FRATERNITY

(solidarity,

community)

 

 

 

independence interdependence intersubjectivity

 

 

 

 

 

BASIC QUESTIONS

Answered by

The most problematic politico-philosophical schools are ...

 

 

 

We can best know what we know by ...

 

 

 

 

What is essential to human beings is ...

 

 

 

 

Ethics is best

determined through ...

 

 

 

 

Being communal/self-sacrificing is ...

 

 

 

 

The optimal polity is ...

 

 

 

 

Political violence or revolution is ...

 

 

 

 

The challenge facing Modernity is ...