POLITICS 305

MODERN POLITICAL THEORY

 

FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE
(1844-1900) POSTMODERNISM

 

 

Sammy Basu

Dept of Politics

Willamette University

 

 

 

 

Postmodernism

 

Skepticism, cynicism, nihilism, perspectivalism, anti-foundationalism, post-foundationalism, post-structuralism,

 

Incredulity towards meta-narratives

 

Post-modern, post-modernist

Modern=?

 

 

What is modernism and pre-modernism?

 

 

 

 

French philosophy

 

 Michel Foucault

 Jacques Derrida

 Jean-Francois Lyotard

 

 

 

 

Four Strains to Postmodernism

 

1.     epistemology – post/anti

-       aesthetics

-       everything is text

-       literary deconstruction (Derrida)

 

 

 

 

Architecture

Examples

 

Contemporary and post-modern art and architecture

examples

 

 

 

nietpostmodernism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.     awareness of dangers of rationalization/normalization/governmentality

 

- power/knowledge

- philology, genealogy, archaeology (Foucault)

 

 

 

 

 

pomocartoon

 

 

 

3.     new informational and transformational technologies

-       expose faćade, simulacra (Lyotard)

-       affirm plasticity,

-       ambivalence of cyborgism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orlan’s performance art

 

 

 

4.     new social movements and ethics

-       affirm otherness

-       hybridity and heteroglossia

 

 

 

 

 

nietBowie

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today

Theological perspective:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oL8MhYq9owo (4min)

 

Zizek on reality and love

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DhDuYfZa5dE (2min)

 

why be happy when you can be interesting

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U88jj6PSD7w (2min)

 

 

 

 

Useful sites:

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/postmodernism/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Postmodernism

 

 

Nietzsche

 

 

File written by Adobe Photoshop® 4.0 Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:nietzsche1864.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

comp60 

 

 

 

     

 

 

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Works

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hitler

 

 

Leni Riefenstahl

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Description: nietzschenihilismdinasours

 

 

 

 

 

 

Certain emphases and concepts

1. Classical Greek heritage – recovery and contrast of the ‘Dionysian’ against the ‘Apollonian’

2. Critique of Christianity and Ethics in general as a ‘slave morality’ of the weak in contrast to his affirmation of a ‘master morality’

3. Metaphysics of ‘Eternal return’ or ‘Eternal Recurrence’

4. ‘Ubermensch’ variously translated as ‘superman’ or ‘overman

 

 

 

Useful sites:

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/nietzsche/

 

http://www.focusing.org/apm_papers/madison2.html