Wollstonecraft and the History of Feminism

 

Athens v Sparta

Pale and indoors v run and fight

 

Plato v Aristotle

Guardians v silence

 

Bible and St Paul

Original sin and sexuality

 

English Revolution 1640s

his or her life, liberty, and property’

 

John Locke (1632-1704) v Robert Filmer’s Patriarchalism and appeal to Genesis

Eve and Adam both

Parentalism v Paternalism

Abler and stronger

 

Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) –

in Emile:

“Always justify the burdens you impose upon girls

but impose them anyway. . . .

They must be thwarted from an early age. . . .

They must be exercised to constraint,

so that it costs them nothing to stifle all their fantasies

to submit them to the will of others.”


 

History of Feminism

I. Proto or Pre-F era

Wave Zero

-      Sappho (d. c. 570 BCE)

-      Hildegard of Bingen (d. 1179)

-      Christine de Pisan (d. 1434)

Mary Astell (1666-1731)

Olympes de Gouge (d. 1791)

Jane Austen (d. 1817)

 

 

Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-97)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_Wollstonecraft

http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/wollstonecraft.html

 

 

       

 

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II. 3 waves of the Women’s Movement/Feminism

1st wave

1848 Declaration of the Rights and Sentiments

Seneca Falls, NY

 

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Susan B Anthony’s (1820-1906) Revolution

 

1870


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v

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Emma Goldman (1869-1940)

 

 

 

 

Celebrating the 19th Amendment in 1920 that granted women the right to vote.

Women had held voting rights in Washington State continuously since the passage of a state constitutional amendment in 1910.

 

War

 

Rosie the Riveter, 1943 by J. Howard Miller in 1943 for Westinghouse Electric as morale-booster

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PostWar

1952

 

 


 

2nd  wave

1960s-80s

 

 

 

 

a.    b.    c.

 

 

 

 

 

v.

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3rd wave

1990s –

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Intersectionality


 

III. Post-F?

 

Ali G on Feminism - Video and Video

Feminism explained – Video (5:16min)

This is what feminism looks like - Video

Naomi Wolf on 3rd Wave: Video

Katha Pollit on Waves

4th Wave - here and here

Grrrl Power

 

 

Time 1998,

http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,988616,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Which one is the feminist?

 

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Lady Gaga

 

 

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Miley Cyrus

 

 

Multiculturalism

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Violence

 

 

TODAY

The Nation (2014)

on Feminism’s Toxic Twitter Wars otoh

and Rand Paul on women oto

and Richard Black otth

and Scarlett Johansson oytfh