Wollstonecraft and the History of Feminism


Athens v Sparta

Pale and indoors v run and fight


Plato v Aristotle

Guardians v silence


Bible and St Paul

Original sin and sexuality


English Revolution 1640s

his or her life, liberty, and property’


John Locke (1632-1704) v Robert Filmer’s Patriarchalism and appeal to Genesis

Eve and Adam both

Parentalism v Paternalism

Abler and stronger


Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) –

in Emile:

“Always justify the burdens you impose upon girls

but impose them anyway. . . .

They must be thwarted from an early age. . . .

They must be exercised to constraint,

so that it costs them nothing to stifle all their fantasies

to submit them to the will of others.”


History of Feminism

I. Proto or Pre-F era

Wave Zero

-      Sappho (d. c. 570 BCE)

-      Hildegard of Bingen (d. 1179)

-      Christine de Pisan (d. 1434)

Mary Astell (1666-1731)

Olympes de Gouge (d. 1791)

Jane Austen (d. 1817)



Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-97)







Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:Marywollstonecraft.jpg







Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:800px-Wollstonecraft2.JPG



  Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:0000697.jpg


Description: Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:anti-feminist.jpg





Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:MaryWollstonecraft2-560x364.png







II. 3 waves of the Women’s Movement/Feminism

1st wave

1848 Declaration of the Rights and Sentiments

Seneca Falls, NY


Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:1848-SusanBAnthony.001.jpg



Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:susan_b_anthony_representative_woman-1.jpg

Susan B Anthony’s (1820-1906) Revolution



Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Dropbox:14SP305:Wollstonecraft:WeddingRing1870.tiff


Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:WeddingRingPunchinello18700709.JPG


Emma Goldman (1869-1940)





Celebrating the 19th Amendment in 1920 that granted women the right to vote.

Women had held voting rights in Washington State continuously since the passage of a state constitutional amendment in 1910.




Rosie the Riveter, 1943 by J. Howard Miller in 1943 for Westinghouse Electric as morale-booster

Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:h75BB372E.jpeg







2nd  wave






a.    b.    c.







Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:political72.jpg



3rd wave

1990s –







Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:women-in-combat-cartoon-zyglis-495x399.jpg




III. Post-F?


Ali G on Feminism - Video and Video

Feminism explained – Video (5:16min)

This is what feminism looks like - Video

Naomi Wolf on 3rd Wave: Video

Katha Pollit on Waves

4th Wave - here and here

Grrrl Power



Time 1998,












Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:_41821322_cartoon_bbc_203.jpg



Which one is the feminist?


Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:feminism-in-waves-1.jpg?w=420&h=294.jpeg



  Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:champ.jpg





Lady Gaga



Description: Macintosh HD:private:var:folders:k7:smwgb4c93bqbgnnt3f78cm_00000gp:T:TemporaryItems:miley-cyrus-visits-terry-richardsons-studio-0.jpg

Miley Cyrus




Description: Description: Macintosh HD:Users:sbasu:Desktop:tumblr_lt2hk8e0zD1qdbsb2o1_500.jpg







The Nation (2014)

on Feminism’s Toxic Twitter Wars otoh

and Rand Paul on women oto

and Richard Black otth

and Scarlett Johansson oytfh