I here make available, usually in a pre-publication typescript format, most of my recent articles, a few selected ones that are not so recent, and a few book chapters as well. But because they are presented as PDF files, you will need an adobe reader. Double asterisks will indicate that something is aimed specifically at a more general audience.
"The Topography of Divine Love: A Response to Jeff Jordan," forthcoming in Faith and Philosophy.
"Heaven and Hell in Christian Thought" in The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, published on April 23, 2013. Available online.
**"The Just Mercy of God: Universal Salvation in George MacDonald (1824-1905)" in Gregory MacDonald (ed.), All Shall Be Well (Eugene: Cascade Books, 2011). (Pre-publication typescript format)
"Grace, Character Formation, and Predestination unto Glory" in Joel Buenting (ed.), The Problem of Hell: A Philosophical Anthology (Burlington: Ashgate Publishing Company, 2010), Chapter 1. (Pre-publication typescript format)
"God, Freedom, and Human Agency," Faith and Philosophy 26 (2009), pp. 378-397. (Uncorrected page proofs)
"Why Christians Should Not Be Determinists: Reflections on the Origin of Human Sin," Faith and Philosophy 25 (2008), pp. 378-397. (Pre-publication typescript format)
The entry on Universalism in Jerry Walls (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Eschatology (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007). (Uncorrected page proofs)
**"Universal Reconciliation and the Inclusive Nature of Election" in Chad Owen Brand, Perspectives on Election: Five Views (Nashville: Broadman and Holman Publishers, 2006), pp. 206-261. (Pre-publication typescript format)
"Misery and Freedom: Reply to Walls," Religious Studies 40 (2005), pp. 217-224. (Pre-publication typescript format)
**"No Hell" and Reply to Walls" in Michael L. Perterson and Raymond J. VanArragon, Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Religion (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2004), pp. 278-287 & 288-289.
**Four chapters in Robin Parry and Christopher Partridge (eds.), Universal Salvation? The Contemporary Debate (Carlisle, UK: Paternoster Press and Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2004).
Chapter 2: Christ Victorious, pp. 15-31.
Chapter 3: A Pauline Interpretation of Divine Judgement (British spelling), pp. 32-52.
Chapter 12: Reply to my Critics, pp. 247-273.
"Freedom, Damnation, and the Power to Sin with Impunity, Religious Studies 37 (2001), pp. 417-434. (Typescript copy)
"Universalism and the Supposed Oddity of our Earthly Life: Reply to Michael Murry," Faith and Philosophy 18 (2001), pp. 102-109. (Pre-publication typescript format)
**The Inescapable Love of God (Parkland, Florida: Universal Publishers, 1999), 220 pages. (More information)
"Universalism and the Greater Good: Reply to Gordon Knight," Faith and Philosophy 16 (1999), pp. 102-105. (Typescript copy)
**Four entries in Jeffrey D. Shultz and John G. Wells, Jr. (eds.), The C.S. Lewis Reader's Encyclopedia (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1998).
Book entry on A Grief Observed. (Typescript copy)
Subject entry on pain
Subject entry on freewill
**"The Love of God and the Heresy of Exclusivism," Christian Scholar's Review XXVII (1997), pp. 99-112. (Pre-publication typescript format)
"Three Pictures of God in Western Theology," Faith and Philosophy 12 (1995), pp. 79-94.
"Punishment, Forgiveness, and Divine Justice, Religious Studies 29 (1993), pp. 151-156. (Pre-publication typescript format)
"Theological Fatalism and Modal Confusion," International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 33 (1993), pp. 65-88.
"Craig on the Possibility of Eternal Damnation," Religious Studies 28 (1992), pp. 495-510. (Pre-publication typescript format)
**"Destruction and Redemption: Reply to Larry Lacy," Christian Scholar's Review XXII (1992), pp. 77-82.
**"The New Testament and Universal Reconciliation," Christian Scholar's Review XXI (1992), pp. 376-394.
"Providence, Freedom, and Human Destiny," Religious Studies XXVI (1990), pp. 227-245.
**"What Jesus Did for Us," The Reformed Journal, March, 1990.
"The Doctrine of Everlasting Punishment," Faith and Philosophy 7 (1990), pp. 19-42. Reprinted in Kevin Timpe (ed.), Arguing About Religion (New York: Routledge, 2009), pp. 482-499.
"On Free Agency and the Concept of Power," Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 69 (1988), pp.241-254.
"On the Divine Nature and the Nature of Divine Freedom," Faith and Philosophy 5 (1988), pp. 3-24.
**"C.S. Lewis and the Problem of Evil," Christian Scholar's Review XVII (1987), pp. 36-51. (Photocopy of the article)
**"Of Pedagogy and Revelation," The Reformed Journal, September, 1986.
"On Divine Foreknowledge and Bringing About the Past," Philosophy and Phenomenological Research XLVI (1986), pp. 455-469. (Click here for a PDF copy of the original article.)
**"Vessels of Wrath and the Unpardonable Sin," The Reformed Journal, September, 1983. (Click here)
**"God's Unconditional Mercy: Reply to John Piper," The Reformed Journal, June, 1983. (Click here)
"Quinn on Divine Commands and Moral Requirements," International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 1982.
"Indeterminism and Chance Occurrences," The Personalist 60 (1979, pp. 253-261.